Our Response

It is our pleasure to respond to the currently Proposed MANAGEMENT AND BIOLOGY OF THE PEREGRINE FALCON IN PENNSYLVANIA TEN YEAR PLAN 2013-2022 put forward by the Bureau of Wildlife Management, Pennsylvania Game Commission.

In this response, we will present a history of federal, regional and Pennsylvanian progress and actions on the listing, recovery and delisting of the Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) and subspecies F. p. anatum (American Peregrine) and F. p. tundrius (Tundra Peregrine). We also discuss the mixed subspecies Peregrine that nests in Pennsylvania and specifics on the Tundra Peregrine, a commonly encountered autumnal migrant through Pennsylvania. The purpose of this written response is to:

  • Summarize the Peregrine Club of Philadelphia’s position on the peregrine
  • Present data and other information on the Peregrine Falcon
  • Summarize and discuss the conditions upon which species are listed, down listed (changed from endangered to threatened) or delisted as Threatened in Pennsylvania in order to demonstrate that the Peregrine Falcon no longer deserves to be classified as an Endangered or Threatened Species as it has met the recovery goals established by USFWS.
  • Discuss some concerns previously raised by various stakeholders in Pennsylvania over the Peregrine.
  • Reaffirm our urgings that the Peregrine Falcon be removed from the Pennsylvania List of Endangered and Threatened Species during the present list revision.
  • Express our gratitude to the many organizations and individuals responsible for the full successful recovery of the Peregrine Falcon.

Summary Statement

The Peregrine Falcon was originally listed as Endangered in Pennsylvania for only one reason, Falco peregrinus anatum (American Peregrine), a species extirpated in Pennsylvania, and F. p. tundrius (Tundra Peregrine), which was never documented as a nesting species in Pennsylvania, were “classified as endangered under the Federal Endangered Species Protection Act of 1973, P.L. 93-205.” Otherwise, the Peregrine (F. p. anatum) was not “in danger of extinction in the wild in Pennsylvania.”) It was already extirpated. For such reasons, Falconers across the country together withThe Peregrine Fund Inc. began the concept of Peregrine reintroduction of this federally endangered species into the eastern United States. They used three reintroduction locations in Pennsylvania during the 1970s and 1980s, aided by the Pennsylvania Game Commission released birds at four locations in the state during the 1990s. By 2003, the eastern population had grown to approximately 336 nesting pairs, and by 2012 at least 32 nests were occupied by nesting pairs known in Pennsylvania the same number as was known in 2011. Nesting success for the year was at 69% with 22 successful nests and 62 young fledged, while productivity remained high, 1.94 fledglings per pair.


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